Measures on this page aim at providing an extra source of water to crops on the field. Under climate change, it will be beneficial for farmers not only to rely on rainfall.
This water efficient drip irrigation technology only requires plastic bottles. Its main purpose is to supply water to crops with the lowest water loss possible (UNEP-DHI Partnership et al., 2017). The bottom of the plastic bottle (1.5 or 2L) is removed and saved to serve as a cover later. The bottle will be put into the soil upside down like a funnel, with a slightly open lid. The lid of the bottle should be opened carefully, to achieve a drip rate of around five drops per second. After 90 minutes, the plant will have received the full 1.5L of irrigation water. Tape should arrange the lid in the exact position when the bottle is partly buried the soil. Placing the bottle right next to the seedling results in the irrigation water being added to the rootzone directly. This method reduces evaporation, since no surficial irrigation is needed. This effect can be enhanced by adding mulch around the crop. (WOCAT SLM Technologies, 2019)